Minding your P's and Q's: What they don't tell you about the Population Question!
|Figure 2: Population Growth Rates in India|
|Figure 3: Declining Total Fertility Rates in India|
|Figure 5: Population Growth by Age-group|
India’s population growth rate has slowed down considerably over the last two decades.
India’s Population continues to increase not because couples have more children but because many more young couples are having fewer children. This is called the momentum effect.
Couples from all over the country and among all social groups now have smaller families than before. Those who had larger families earlier have reduced their family sizes the most.
The number of children per family which translates to the Total Fertility Rate is now 2.18 which is very close to replacement fertility of 2.1 per woman.
The only way to slow population growth further is to increase the promotion and use of spacing methods.
In those places where women have more children, they also have greater need for appropriate family planning services which they don't get
When there are small families without gender equality in society it can lead to decline in the sex ratio of girls which is an important problem in India.
Young people need access to contraceptive services.
Men need to be involved in family planning as responsible partners, parents and citizens.
Hope your PQ's better now. Have a Great Day!